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    direct speech-reported speech

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    fadela

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    direct speech-reported speech

    مُساهمة من طرف fadela في الجمعة أبريل 03, 2009 2:12 pm

    Direct speech
    "I play football"
    "I am playing football"
    "I have played football"
    "I played football"
    "I was playing football"
    "I had played football"
    "I had been playing football"
    "I will play football"
    "I can play football"

    Reported speech
    He said (that) he played football
    He said (that) he was playing football
    He said (that) he had played football
    He said (that) he had played football
    He said (that) he had been playing football
    He said (that) he had played football
    He said (that) he had been playing football
    He said (that) he would play football
    He said (that) he could play football

    * In reported speech, we usually report what was said at a different time, and so we change the tense to reflect the time which we are reporting:
    DIRECT SPEECH: "I'm not playing football."
    REPORTED LATER: He said that he wasn't playing football.

    * Sometimes we need to change the pronoun.
    DIRECT SPEECH: Jim: "I don't like living here." (Jim is referring to himself)
    REPORTED SPEECH: Jim said (that) he didn't like living here. (the pronoun he refers to Jim)

    * We may also need to change other words about place and time.
    DIRECT SPEECH: "I like this car."
    REPORTED SPEECH: He said (that) he liked the car.

    DIRECT SPEECH: "I went to Tokyo last week."
    REPORTED SPEECH: She said (that) she'd been to Tokyo the week before.

    functions & examples
    * We use reported speech to tell someone what another person said.

    Jim says to you...
    "I don't feel well."
    "I can't drive."
    "My parents have gone on holiday."
    "I'm going out now so you will have to wait until I get back."

    You tell your friend what Jim said...
    Jim said (that) he didn't feel well.
    He said (that) he couldn't drive.
    He said (that) his parents had gone on holiday.
    He said (that) he was going out now so I would have to wait until he got back.

    important points
    * If we report something which is still true, it is not necessary to change the verb.
    DIRECT SPEECH: "My car is bigger than yours."
    REPORTED SPEECH: He said his car is / was bigger than mine.

    * When we are reporting past tenses, and we see the events from the same viewpoint as the original speaker, it is not necessary to change the tense.
    DIRECT SPEECH: "The earthquake happened at half past seven."
    REPORTED SPEECH: The radio said that the earthquake happened at half past seven.

    * Modal verbs could, might, would, should, ought, had better usually do not change in reported speech.
    DIRECT SPEECH: "I should go to the dentist."
    REPORTED SPEECH: He said that he should go to the dentist.
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    رد: direct speech-reported speech

    مُساهمة من طرف Admin في الأحد أبريل 05, 2009 5:45 pm

    شكراااااااااااااااااااااااااااااااااااااااااااااااااا
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    faiza

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    رد: direct speech-reported speech

    مُساهمة من طرف faiza في الخميس يوليو 30, 2009 7:38 pm

    شكرااااا

      الوقت/التاريخ الآن هو الجمعة ديسمبر 15, 2017 3:51 am